One of the most discussed and discussed issues of today is the lack of solid ground and the fact that this situation poses serious risks to human life. Buildings and people can be damaged by earthquakes, floods and erosion.
When water seeps into the ground and the foundation, the top of the building and structure collapse no matter how solid it is.
Some measures should be taken to avoid exposure to such risky situations. Due to the rise of technology to advanced degrees, new ground-related products have started to emerge. Innovative materials in particular strengthen the structures more and make the money spent last longer. So why did I have to tell you all this? Now I want to tell you about the geosynthetic material.
What is geosynthetics; Geosynthetics are products that provide ease of use on the floors of buildings, especially in the construction sector. It is a type of synthetic material produced from polymer content material, widely used in the construction industry, preferred by engineers, which is a good alternative to classical methods. Geosynthetics are separated by type of production.
- Braided geosynthetics
- non-braided geosynthetics
- geosynthetics produced by heat treatment
- geosynthetics produced by needling method
they are popular products in the market.
When called geosynthetic, different kinds of geogrid, geotextile, geomembrane, geosynthetic clay covers, geocomposites, geomats, drainage boards and geotubes come to mind.
Where Are Geosynthetic Products Used?
Geosynthetic, which has a lot of uses, is used not only on floors but also on walls. If you wish, let’s look at where this material is used together.
- Retaining walls
- At Creek reclamation works
- Port ver on the floors and walls of the shores
- To strengthen the grounds
- Embankment dams
- On railway platforms
- On and off channels
- Areas where erosion may occur
- Filtration protection and drainage works
- In strengthening the slope stable
- Solid waste storage
- Waste water storage
- Asphalt fittings
What Is Non-Braided Geotextile?
Thin millimeter, pure and polyester based, produced by needling and heat treatment, colors are dark, we can say, braided textile material. It is also used as a non-braided geotexillary filter. In applications where thin and coarse materials are used together, thin materials clog the pores of other materials, and non-braided geotextile is used to avoid this situation. It acts as filter and bedding in the control of water.
This material is generally used in drainage channels, pipe cladding, buildings and walls on the coast, tunnels, retaining walls. This material used at the bottom of the foundation is set between the foundation and the floor, provides stability of the floor, reduces the risk of building seating. There’s a lot of waves around the edges. The resulting waves can damage the structures, this material prevents the displacement of the filling material, also acts as filter and bedding.
Because it is a high-strength product, it is used on rooftops of terraces and on heat insulation boards. It has the property of protecting the remaining materials at the bottom and preventing the water of the cement from flowing down. It has a pressure spreading effect and protects the building foundations from waterproofing application.
Geomebrans, which can be used in open areas, have protective properties against excessive friction, puncture and damage. It has water and moisture retaining properties especially in roof systems. The geotextile surface, which is rolled over the top of the surface, should be laid to create clear contact. To prevent geotextile shift during filling, it should be applied by placing 25 cm under the previous geotextile.
What Are The Advantages Of Non-Braided Geotextile?
It has polyester fibers in its content, made using frequent needling and production technology, ensured that the fiber was uniformly distributed, thus ensuring the quality of the product. The production of the product up to 6 meters wide causes rapid workmanship in large areas.
Thanks to its quick and easy application, it is very much preferred on the floors and roofs of the buildings. Due to the different production technology compared to other geotextiles, they are more durable products.
What Is Geosynthetic Clay Covering?
Braided and braided geotextiles are placed in concrete material and then pinned in bulk, this material is called geotextile clay cover. In general, the top layer is non-braided, while the bottom layer is braided. In some applications both parts may be non-braided geotextile.
The purpose of geosynthetic clay cover is to ensure impermeability and non-rotability. The layer in the middle can be reinforced concrete, it expands highly when it gets moisture, and as it expands, it applies pressure to the material, thus reaching the impermeability value.
Where are the areas where geosynthetic clay cover is used?
Geosynthetic clay covers, which are often used especially in building insulation, are becoming common every day.
- In artificial ponds
- firefighting ponds
- water retention pools
- in hydro power stations
- solid waste landfills
- it is used in many more projects that you can think of.
If you have a business related to impermeability, you can use this product.
Due to the increase of earthquakes and the destructive consequences of natural events, the strength of the ground and the building became important. Not only living areas, but bridges, tunnels, football fields, roads and all structures need to use geosynthetic products. The more solid the foundation of a work is kept, the more solid the structure is in parallel with it.
Producing and applying geosynthetics is fully specialized. The quality of the geotextiles produced is not enough, if the application is not done correctly, you can see more harm than benefit. Especially with the increase in urbanization, the importance of buildings increases. Floods, storms, waves and water seeping into the ground damage the foundations of structures.
At this point, engineers and those operating in this field have turned to the use of geosynthetic products. If you also need geosynthetic soil solutions, you should start the uptake process by performing rigorous research and calculation in advance. The money that will be given to geosynthetics will not go to waste, on the contrary, it provides you with profits because it keeps the whole structure alive.